银行账户的重要性

2018-09-28 09:27:45 德强 807

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Introduction Seychelles is an independent Republic within the Commonwealth with a population of 82,000 approximately. Seychelles comprises a group of approximately 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, most of which are situated between 4 and 5 degrees south of the equator. The country has good political stability with a democratically elected Government. The Seychelles economy is primarily based on tourism, commercial fishing and offshore financial services industry.

Law And Taxation Seychelles is governed by civil law except for the corporate legislation and criminal law which are based on the English common law. The principal corporate legislation governing IBCs is the International Business Companies Act (IBC Act) 1994. IBCs are exempted from taxation on business activities or transactions carried outside of the Seychelles. An IBC can be converted to other resident companies such as Companies Special Licence ("CSL").

 

The CSL is a Seychelles domestic company (incorporated under the Companies Act 1972), which is granted a special licence under the Companies (Special Licences) Act 2003. A CSL can take advantage of the Seychelles steadily expanding network of double taxation treaties which include China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Thailand, S. Africa, Botswana, Oman, Cyprus, UAE and Vietnam.

Corporate Requirements IBCs are required to have at least one director and one shareholder, which may be natural persons, or corporate entities. Neither directors nor officers need to be shareholders. Shareholders, directors, and officers may be of any nationality and may be residents of any country. A company secretary is not mandatory, although it is customary to have one appointed, and may be of any nationality and need not be resident in the Seychelles. The language of legislation and corporate documentation is either English or French. If any other language is used, it must be accompanied by a translation in either English or French.

Both the English and Chinese company name can be included on a company's Certificate of Incorporation.

Shares permitted include: registered shares, bearer shares, shares of no par value, preference shares, redeemable shares and shares with or without voting rights. Beneficial owners need not be disclosed. There is no requirement to hold Annual General Meetings and meetings do not have to be held in the Seychelles and can be held by telephone or other electronic means. IBCs do not have to file any annual returns, accounts, or financial statements and there is no requirement to register initial or ongoing changes in directors or officers.

CSL's must have at least two local directors to access the treaty network and 2 shareholders. At present corporate directors are not permitted. A CSL must also appoint a Seychelles resident as company secretary. Each year, the company must prepare and file audited accounts. The filed accounts and company return are not publicly accessible.

Local Infrastructure Seychelles has the finest International Airport in the Indian Ocean region and its national and international telecommunications carriers are well established. There are an increasing number of international banks and insurance companies which have established branches in the Seychelles with local management companies, accounting and legal firms to provide support.

塞舌尔


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塞舌尔是英联邦中的一个独立的Republic,人口约为82000。塞舌尔包括印度洋中大约115个岛屿,其中大多数位于赤道以南4至5度之间。这个国家政治稳定,民选政府。塞舌尔经济主要以旅游业、商业捕鱼业和离岸金融服务业为基础。


Law和税收塞舌尔是由民法管辖的,但以英国普通法为基础的公司立法和刑法除外。IBCs的主要公司立法是《国际商务公司法》(IBC法案)1994。国际商会在塞舌尔以外的商业活动或交易中免税。IBC可以转换为其他公司,如公司特别许可证(“CSL”)。




CSL是塞舌尔国内公司(根据1972年公司法成立),根据2003年公司(特别许可证)法获得特别许可证。CSL可以利用塞舌尔不断扩大的双重税收条约网络,包括中国、印度尼西亚、马来西亚、毛里求斯、泰国、南非、博茨瓦纳、阿曼、塞浦路斯、阿联酋和越南。


公司要求中型散货公司至少要有一名董事和一名股东,可以是自然人或公司实体。董事和官员都不需要成为股东。股东、董事和官员可以是任何国籍,也可以是任何国家的居民。公司秘书不是强制性的,尽管通常任命一名秘书,并且可能具有任何国籍,不需要在塞舌尔居住。立法和公司文件的语言是英语或法语。如果使用其他语言,则必须附有英语或法语的翻译。


中英文公司名称可包括在公司的公司注册证书上。


允许的股票包括:注册股、无记名股票、无票面价值的股票、优先股、可赎回股票和有表决权或无表决权的股票。受益人不必披露。不需要举行年度大会,会议不必在塞舌尔举行,可以通过电话或其他电子方式举行。中型散货公司不必提交任何年报、账目或财务报表,也不需要对董事或主管的初始或正在进行的变更进行登记。


CSL必须至少有两名当地董事来访问条约网络和2名股东。目前,公司董事是不允许的。CSL还必须任命塞舌尔居民为公司秘书。每年,公司必须准备和备案审计帐目。存档的账目和公司的回报是不公开的。


塞舌尔当地的基础设施是印度洋地区最好的国际机场,其国内和国际电信运营商都已建立起来。越来越多的国际银行和保险公司在塞舌尔设有分支机构,由当地管理公司、会计和法律事务所提供支持。